Greater Nottingham Strategic Plan - Growth Options Consultation (July 2020)

Greater Nottingham Strategic Plan Growth Options

Glossary

BREEAM: a method of assessing, rating, and certifying the sustainability of buildings.

Building for Life: a tool for assessing the design quality of homes and neighbourhoods in England, comprising 20 criteria, to assess the design quality of new housing developments.

Building Regulations: building regulations in the United Kingdom are statutory instruments or statutory regulations that seek to ensure that the policies set out in the relevant legislation are carried out. Building regulations set out required standards for building work and materials and Building Regulations approval is required for most building work in the UK. Part L sets standards for the energy performance of new and existing buildings.

Carbon Neutral: having a net zero carbon footprint in relation to achieving net zero carbon dioxide emissions through eliminating carbon emissions or where carbon emissions are balanced out by funding an equivalent amount of carbon savings elsewhere also known as offsetting.

City Centre: the highest level of centre identified in development plans. In terms of hierarchies, it will often be a regional centre and will serve a wide catchment. The centre may be very large embracing a wide range of activities for Greater Nottingham. In Greater Nottingham, this is Nottingham City Centre.

Climate change: long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, wind and all other aspects of earth's climate. It is often regarded as a result of human activity and fossil fuel consumption.

Core Strategy: the key Development Plan Document, setting out the long term spatial vision for the area, the spatial objectives and strategic policies to deliver that vision.

D2N2: the Local Enterprise Partnership covering Nottinghamshire, Nottingham, Derby and Derbyshire see Local Enterprise Partnership below.

Designated Neighbourhood Area: an area designated for preparing a Neighbourhood Plan by a Parish Council or a Neighbourhood Forum.

Duty to Cooperate: places a legal duty on local planning authorities, county councils in England and public bodies to engage constructively, actively and on an ongoing basis to maximise the effectiveness of Local Plan preparation in the context of strategic cross boundary matters.

Employment sectors: one of four subdivisions of the economy which are primary (mining of raw materials), secondary (processing and production), tertiary (service provision) and quaternary (high technology industries).

Environmental constraints: constraints on development of an environmental nature such as flood risk, high-grade agricultural land, nationally and local designated wildlife sites, ancient woodlands and public parks.

Evidence Base: the information and data that have informed the preparation of policies.

Functional Economic Market Area (FEMA): reflects the way the economy works, with a strong correlation between where people live and work, the scope of service market areas and catchments.

Greater Nottingham: made up off the administrative areas of Broxtowe, Erewash, Gedling, Nottingham City and Rushcliffe Councils and the Hucknall part of Ashfield Council.

Greater Nottingham Joint Planning Advisory Board: board made up of planning and transport lead councillors from all the Greater Nottingham Local Authorities, established to oversee the preparation of the Greater Nottingham Strategic Plan. The Board is advisory, and refers decisions to the executive bodies of the constituent Councils.

Geo-environmental considerations: relating to geology and groundwater including land stability and the protection of groundwater sources.

Green Belt: a strategic planning tool, designating an area of land around a City having five distinct purposes:

  1. To check the unrestricted sprawl of large built up areas;
  2. To prevent neighbouring towns merging into one another;
  3. To assist in safeguarding the countryside from encroachment;
  4. To preserve the setting and special character of historic towns; and
  5. To assist in urban regeneration by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land.

Green and Blue Infrastructure: a network of multi-functional greenspace, water resources, urban and rural which is capable of delivering a wide range of environmental and quality of life benefits and can include parks, open spaces, playing fields, woodlands, wetlands, grasslands, river and canal corridors, allotments and private gardens.

Greenhouse gas: a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect (global warming) by absorbing infrared radiation. Carbon Dioxide is the main example of a greenhouse gas.

Greenwood Community Forest: one of England's Community Forests. Greenwood Community Forest Initiative enables Nottinghamshire's communities to create, improve and enjoy woodlands and other high quality accessible green spaces in a sustainable way that benefits the environment, landscape and the local economy. Greenwood covers 161 square miles (41,700 hectares) of Nottinghamshire including large parts of Greater Nottingham. Over 1.1 million people live within 8km (5 miles) of Greenwood Community Forest.

Gypsy and Travellers Accommodation Assessment: an assessment to calculating the pitch and plot requirements of persons of nomadic life style whatever their race or origin.

Habitats Regulations Assessment: an assessment of the impacts of implementing a plan or policy on a European nature conservation site with the purpose to consider the impact of a land use plan against conservation objectives of the site and to ascertain whether it would adversely affect the integrity of the site.

Housing Market Area: a geographical area defined by household demand and preferences for all types of housing, reflecting the key functional linkages between where people live and work.

HS2 Hub Station: the proposed station location at Toton to serve the planned High Speed Rail Line and will also act as a public transport interchange to a wide range of destinations.

Incubator units: business premises designed to help new employment start-ups to succeed. Business support programmes run by the public and private sectors normally complement such provision offering business advice and support to the occupiers.

Infrastructure: facilities and services to meet the needs of the existing community and to meet the needs of new development. Includes transport infrastructure, public transport, education, health, affordable housing, open space, community facilities etc.

Infrastructure Delivery Plan: sets out the range of infrastructure required to support Local Plans. The Infrastructure Delivery Plan sets out the infrastructure projects critical to the successful delivery of a strategy, when they are needed and how they will be funded and delivered.

Joint Planning Advisory Board: see Greater Nottingham Joint Planning Advisory Board above.

Knowledge intensive medium/high technology businesses: businesses that involve highly advanced or specialised knowledge, systems or devices for example, legal and accounting activities, scientific research and development, telecommunications.

Local Plans: plans for the future development of the local area, drawn up by the local planning authority in consultation with the community. The current Aligned Core Strategies forms Part 1 of the Local Plan. Part 2 Local Plans include site allocations and development management policies.

Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP): a partnership body designated and established to determine economic priorities, drive sustainable economic growth and create jobs. Various funding streams are determined by the LEP. The D2N2 LEP covers Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire.

Main Built up Area of Nottingham: includes West Bridgford, Clifton, Beeston, Stapleford, Long Eaton, Bulwell, Arnold and Carlton. (Also occasionally referred to as the Principal Urban Area).

Minerals Local Plan: prepared jointly by Nottinghamshire County Council and Nottingham City Council setting out planning policies relating to minerals.

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF): document setting out the Government's planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied.

Nottingham Express Transit (NET): The light rail (tram) system for Greater Nottingham.

New Settlement: a large planned self-contained development on clear rural or urban land often with its own supporting infrastructure such as a local centre. The scheme would be comprehensively planned from the outset with a high standard of design, environmental quality, fully supported by infrastructure including blue and green infrastructure. Often referred to as garden communities or garden villages.

Nottingham and Derby Green Belt: the Green Belt surrounding Nottingham and the eastern side of Derby designated in 1980. See Green Belt definition above.

Nottingham Core Housing Market Area: the functional Housing Market Area around Greater Nottingham see definition of Housing Market Area above.

Part 1 and Part 2 Local Plans: in Greater Nottingham the Part 1 Local Plan comprises the Aligned Core Strategy and the Part 2 Local Plan comprises site allocations and development management policies such as the Gedling Borough Local Planning Document.

Renewable energy: includes energy for heating and cooling as well as generating electricity. Renewable energy covers those energy flows that occur naturally and repeatedly in the environment - from the wind, the fall of water, the movement of the oceans, from the sun and from biomass and ground heat.

Plan Area: the area covered by the Greater Nottingham Strategic Plan comprising the administrative areas of Broxtowe, Gedling, Nottingham City and Rushcliffe Councils.

Plan period: the time span over which the Plan is operating for i.e.. 2018 to 2038.

Planning System: a plan led system with the key document being the Local Plan drawn up by local planning authorities where planning decisions should generally accord with the policies in the local plan. The local plan should be consistent with national planning policy drawn up by Government. The plan led system is complemented by a system of development management with decision making on planning applications largely carried out by local planning authorities but for some decisions on large infrastructure projects the responsibility lies with government ministers. There is also a right of appeal against a refusal of planning permission to the Secretary of State for the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government and the Planning Inspectorate.

Safeguarded Land: land outside of the main built up area of Nottingham and settlements which is specifically excluded from the Green Belt but safeguarded from development unless a future local plan is adopted that allocates it for development.

Service sector jobs: employment in the tertiary sector for example, business and financial services excluding those engaged in manufacturing, mining and quarrying. The vast majority of the Greater Nottingham work force is in service employment.

Small and medium sized enterprises: businesses with fewer than 250 employees.

Standard method for calculating local housing need: the Government's standard method for calculating housing needs for each local planning authority based on household formation and adjusted for affordability. The methodology is set out in the National Planning Practice Guidance.

Spatial Planning: spatial planning goes beyond traditional land use planning to bring together and integrate policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes, which influence the nature of places and how they function.

Sub regional centre: a town large enough to contain a critical mass of services and employment. For Greater Nottingham, Hucknall and Ilkeston are both Sub regional centres.

Statement of Common Ground: Local planning authorities and county councils (in two-tier areas) are under a duty to cooperate with each other, and with other prescribed bodies, on strategic matters that cross administrative boundaries. Strategic policymaking authorities should prepare and maintain one or more statements of common ground, documenting the cross-boundary matters being addressed and progress in cooperating to address these.

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment: Document with the role of identifying sites with potential for housing assessing their housing potential and when they are likely to be developed.

Sustainability Appraisal: examines the social, environmental and economic effects of strategies and policies in a local plan.

Sustainable development: The NPPF defines this as follows: "at a very high level, the objective of sustainable development can be summarised as meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".

Regeneration: development which delivers wider benefits such as prosperity, improved environmental conditions and enhanced wellbeing.

Spatial Strategy: the overall policy for achieving the pattern and distribution of development and place making. The Greater Nottingham Aligned Core Strategies is based on a strategy of urban concentration with regeneration.

Urban fringe: the area of transition between urban edge and the surrounding rural area and can often be sensitive in terms of being the interface between town and country.

Use Classes: the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 (as amended) puts uses of land and buildings into various categories known as 'Use Classes'.

Visitor economy: tourism, recreation including long and short stay visitors.

Waste Local Plan: prepared jointly by Nottinghamshire County Council and Nottingham City Council covering waste planning matters such as waste disposal, treatment, transfer and recycling.