Greater Nottingham Strategic Plan - Growth Options Consultation (July 2020)

Greater Nottingham Strategic Plan Growth Options

Chapter Six Living in Greater Nottingham

Introduction

6.1  The main issues that this chapter seeks to address include: the approach that should be taken to affordable housing; the sizes, types, and tenures of new housing that will be required; how the requirements of different groups with particular needs, such as the elderly, disabled or students, can be planned for; and, the approach to accommodate the needs of Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople.

6.2  Paragraph 61 of the NPPF states that 'the size, type and tenure of housing needed for different groups in the community should be assessed and reflected in planning policies'.

6.3  Paragraph 61 of the NPPF also clarifies that these different groups include, but are not limited to: those who require affordable housing, families with children, older people, students, people with disabilities, service families, travellers, people who rent their homes and people wishing to commission or build their own homes.

6.4  Paragraph 62 of the NPPF stresses that where a need for affordable housing is identified, planning policies should specify the type of affordable housing required.

Background

6.5  Planning for 'diversity' will enable the Plan to provide for the needs of different groups within the community and will therefore also ensure that the Plan is in compliance with the expectations of the NPPF.

6.6  The Plan will include policies to support the needs of a number of different groups, such as:

  • Gypsies and travellers;
  • People with disabilities;
  • Older people;
  • those who will require affordable housing due to issues such as their income and other circumstances, and property prices within the different Greater Nottingham areas;
  • Families including those with children;
  • Students (including undergraduates and postgraduates);
  • Service families;
  • Other groups, such as people who wish to rent their homes and people wishing to commission or build their own homes.

Affordable Housing

6.7  All households with housing needs and whose needs are not met by the market can be considered to be in affordable housing need. Affordable housing (which is defined within Annex 2 of the NPPF) includes affordable housing for rent, starter homes (which are likely to be replaced by 'First Homes'), discounted market sales housing and other affordable routes to home ownership.

6.8 Current strategic policies set percentage targets which are negotiated through the planning application process. The proportions vary from 10% to 30% depending on location.

Question H1: Affordable Housing

  • What approach should we take to affordable housing?

Housing Size, Types and Tenure

6.9  Larger and more 'aspirational' homes can play a role in supporting economic development ambitions, by providing homes attractive to workers within sectors which are targeted for growth. Conversely, in some higher value areas there will be a need for a greater number of smaller homes, to diversify the market and to provide for local housing need. However, the extent to which the market is delivering these homes is limited.

6.10  Trends in recent years indicate a shift in tenure patterns, with fewer people owning their own homes and more people renting. This has been accompanied by significant increases in rental levels across the area. Part of the shift in tenure is the result of people delaying house purchase until later in their lives. The local market has responded to this, with an increase in the private rented sector and more recently some significant 'Build to Rent' apartment schemes being planned for and developed in Nottingham (particularly in the City Centre).

6.11  All councils maintain their own Self and Custom Build registers, which give an indication of levels of demand.

Question H2: Housing Size, Types and Tenure

  • What should our role be in influencing the mix of housing size, types and tenure in new development schemes?

Meeting the Needs of Different Groups

Older people

6.12  The proportion of older people in the population of Greater Nottingham has been increasing and this trend is expected to continue, although the situation varies significantly between different parts of the area.

6.13  The Plan will have to consider the various ways of meeting the needs of older people. Older people are defined within Annex 2 of the NPPF as 'people over or approaching retirement age, including the active, newly-retired through to the very frail elderly; and whose housing needs can encompass accessible, adaptable general needs housing through to the full range of retirement and specialised housing for those with support or care needs'. Appropriate housing may include accessible, adaptable general needs housing and a range of retirement and specialised housing for those with support or care needs.

Students

6.14  Nottingham City and, to a lesser extent, Broxtowe Borough Council have significant concentrations of student households. The Nottingham City Local Plan includes specific policies to address the housing needs of students living in both houses in multiple occupation and purpose built student accommodation. Broxtowe will be introducing a Supplementary Planning Document to address the issue in parts of Beeston.

People with Disabilities

6.15  Over 30% of households in the area contain at least one person with a long-term health problem or disability. This proportion has been increasing, in line with the trend towards an increasingly elderly population, as mentioned previously.

6.16  Some Councils already have local policies addressing this issue, for example Nottingham City and Broxtowe have policies requiring 10% of dwellings in large new developments to be 'accessible and adaptable' (as defined within Building Regulations[1]).

Service Families

6.17  It is not currently considered that the requirements of service families need to be further addressed within the Plan, as these needs are generally accommodated within existing Ministry of Defence (MOD) bases. There are no Royal Air Force bases within the Greater Nottingham area, although there is a British Army installation at Chetwynd Barracks in Chilwell. This is scheduled to close in 2024.

6.18  Due to the limited presence of MOD installations within the Greater Nottingham area, it is not proposed to include a specific policy in the Plan, however the First Homes initiative is intended to give priority to Service Families.

1. 2015 edition of Approved Document M incorporating 2016 updates - Access to and use of buildings: Volume 1 – Dwellings: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/540330/BR_PDF_AD_M1_2015_with_2016_amendments_V3.pdf. [back]

Question H3: Meeting the Needs of Different Groups

  • How should we address the needs of people with particular housing needs for example, the elderly, disabled and students?

Gypsies and Travellers

6.19  The 2016 South Nottinghamshire Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment (GTAA)[2] identified a requirement for 11 additional pitches for Gypsies and Travellers in the period up to 2029 across Broxtowe, Gedling, Nottingham and Rushcliffe.

6.20  A new, comprehensive assessment, to update the South Nottinghamshire Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment, has been commissioned to cover the whole plan period. The outcome of this work is expected in late 2020/early 2021.

Question H4: Gypsies and Travellers

  • What approach should we take to accommodating the housing and travel needs of Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople?